International Journal of Statistics and Applications
pISSN: 21685193 eISSN: 21685215
2021; 11(3): 7077
doi:10.5923/j.statistics.20211103.03
Received: Aug. 31, 2021; Accepted: Sep. 19, 2021; Published: Sep. 26, 2021
Ehab Ahmed M. Frah, Abdalla Ahmed Alkhalifa
Department of Statistics, Faculty of Science, University of Tabuk, KSA
Correspondence to: Ehab Ahmed M. Frah, Department of Statistics, Faculty of Science, University of Tabuk, KSA.
Email: 
Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Scientific & Academic Publishing.
This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY).
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Familiarity and understanding of causes of death among children aged under five years old are essential to developing policy and programs. The causes of underfive mortality rate (U5MR) help decisionmakers assess programmatic needs, prioritize interventions and monitor progress. This study investigates the main causes of diseaserelated U5MR in the Tabuk Region. It introduces the definition of U5MR and provides an overview of its scale, its direct causes, and underlying causative factors, as well as analyzing key interventions needed to avert child mortality and morbidity. Data from the 20002015 Ministry of Health annual statistical reports were used to determine diseaserelated mortality of children aged under five in the Tabuk Region. Factor analysis was used to analyze the data and reduce the main cause factors for U5MR. The study identified two main causative factors in U5MR in the Tabuk Region: (1) communicable diseases, perinatal and nutritional conditions; and (2) noncommunicable diseases and children’s injuries are reduced form all diseases that cause the death of U5MR in the existing framework over the study period, 20002015.
Keywords: U5MR, Disease Causes, Factor Analysis and Tabuk
Cite this paper: Ehab Ahmed M. Frah, Abdalla Ahmed Alkhalifa, Using Factor Analysis to Determine the Most Important Disease Causes: UnderFive Mortality in Tabuk Region, 2017, International Journal of Statistics and Applications, Vol. 11 No. 3, 2021, pp. 7077. doi: 10.5923/j.statistics.20211103.03.
Figure 1. U5MR in Saudi Arabia, 19722015 (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UNDESA Population Division, 2015) 



Figure 2. Scree plot for factors 

