﻿ Application of He’s Variational Iteration Method for Solving Seventh-Order Differential Equations Scientific & Academic Publishing: The article detailed information

American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics

p-ISSN: 2165-8935    e-ISSN: 2165-8943

2012;  2(1): 37-40

doi: 10.5923/j.ajcam.20120201.07

Application of He’s Variational Iteration Method for Solving Seventh-Order Differential Equations

A. Nikkar 1, M. Mighani 2

1Department of Civil Engineering, Shomal University, Amol, Iran

2Department of Architectural Engineering, Shomal University, Amol, Iran

Correspondence to: A. Nikkar , Department of Civil Engineering, Shomal University, Amol, Iran.
 Email:

Abstract

In this paper, we extend variational iteration method (VIM) for deriving approximate analytical solution to seventh-order differential equations with specified initial conditions, also in this paper we applied a modified method to identification of Lagrange multiplier .By providing some examples, we illustrate the capability and reliability of the method.

Keywords: Variational Iteration Method (VIM); Seventh-Order Equations; Analytical Solutions

Cite this paper: A. Nikkar , M. Mighani , "Application of He’s Variational Iteration Method for Solving Seventh-Order Differential Equations", American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics , Vol. 2 No. 1, 2012, pp. 37-40. doi: 10.5923/j.ajcam.20120201.07.

1. Introduction

Recently, many different methods have been introduced to solve linear and nonlinear problems, such as the homotopy analysis method[1], the variational iteration method (VIM)[2-5], Energy Balance Method[6], the Adomian’s decomposition method (ADM)[7,8], and homotopy perturbation method[9–12].
Ji-Huan. He proposed a variational iteration method (VIM) based on the use of restricted variations and correction functional which has found a wide application for the solution of nonlinear ordinary and partial differential equations[13-15]. VIM has successfully been applied to many situations. For example, Batiha et al.[16] applied VIM to solve heat- and wave-like equations with singular behaviors. Furthermore, Batiha et al.[17] have expanded VIM in the form of Multistage VIM to solve a class of nonlinear system of ODEs, Wazwaz[18] applied VIM to solve linear and nonlinear Schrodinger equations. Shou et al.[19] solved heat-like and wave-like equations with variable coefficients by VIM, Sweilam[20] used VIM to solve multi-order FDEs. The VIM is capable for solving a large class of linear or nonlinear differential equations without the tangible restriction of sensitivity to the degree of the nonlinear term and also it reduces the size of calculations. In this paper, we implement the VIM for finding the approximate analytical solutions of nonlinear seventh-order equations with specified initial conditions.
In the present paper we employ VIM method for solving following equation:
 (1)
but first we introduce VIM method and then we extend this method.

2. Analysis of the Variational Iteration Method (VIM)

To illustrate the basic concept of the technique, we consider the following general differential equation4.4mm between columns.
 (2)
Where L is a linear operator, N a nonlinear operator and g(x) is the forcing term. According to He‘s variational iteration method[21-23], He and Wu[24], Inokuti et al.[25], we can construct a correct functional as follows:
 (3)
Where λ is a Lagrange multiplier. In this paper, we studied about modifying the traditional method to achieve λ with the fewer steps which would be much easier and faster than the previous accomplishment. We came to the modified method in which we do not need to calculate with hands and in order to obtain λ , it is sufficient to locate the linear part of differential equation at the disclosed program and use Laplace transform for linear part of differential equation following with a few simple assumption, we will catch the accurate results. The successive approximation un +1, n≥0 of the solution u will be readily obtained upon using the determined Lagrange multiplier and any selective function, u0 consequently, the solution is given by
 (4)

3. Application of the Variational Iteration Method (VIM)

In this section, we will apply the variational iteration method (VIM) to solve following equations:

3.1. Example 1

Consider the following differential equations of the seventh order:
 (5)
With the initial condition
 (6)
To solve Eq. (5) by means of VIM, we have the correction functional as:
 (7)
We apply Laplace transform for linear part of the Eq. (5).
Linear part of equation is:
 (8)
To find the optimal values of λ we have
 (9)
And with assumption that boundary conditions is zero
 (10)
Substituting Eq. (10) into Eq. (9), we have:
 (11)
Lagrange multiplier can be identified optimally as follows:
 (12)
As a result, we obtain the following iteration formula:
 (13)
To get the iteration, we start with an initial approximation, that was given by Eq. (6). By using the above iteration formula (13) we can obtain the other components by using mathematical tools MAPLE package as follows:
 (14)
 (15)
 (16)
 Figure 1. The surface generated from u(x, t) of variational iteration method (VIM) for seventh-order equation when µ=0.1
 Table 1. Numerical results for example 1 when µ=0.1
 variational iteration method Xi t=0 t=1 t=2 0.1 0.9900662910 -8.007203128 105 -8.407564605 106 0.2 0.9610429822 -9.644522044 105 -1.032605959 107 0.3 0.9151369621 -5.710340821 105 -5.973163748 106 0.4 0.8556387858 0.790583128 105 1.301522958 106 0.5 0.7864477333 5.982850695 105 7.106618340 106 0.6 0.7115777629 7.797146068 105 9.078708613 106 0.7 0.6347395896 6.545862198 105 7.565921749 106 0.8 0.5590551680 3.811664740 105 4.372763372 106 0.9 0.4869173615 1.114107127 105 1.237156006 106 1 0.4199743415 -0.741602391 105 -9.18560812 105

3.2. Example 2

Next, we consider the following equation:
 (17)
With the initial condition
 (18)
To solve Eq. (17) by means of VIM, we have the correction functional as:
 (19)
We apply Laplace transform for linear part of the Eq. (17).
Linear part of equation is:
 (20)
To find the optimal values of λ we have
 (21)
And with assumption that boundary conditions is zero
 (22)
Substituting Eq. (22) into Eq. (21), we have:
 (23)
Lagrange multiplier can be identified optimally as follows:
 (24)
As a result, we obtain the following iteration formula:
 (25)
To get the iteration, we start with an initial approximation that was given by Eq. (18). By using the above iteration formula (25) we can obtain the other components by using mathematical tools MAPLE package as follows:
 (26)
 (27)
 (28)
 Figure 2. The surface generated from u(x, t) of variational iteration method (VIM) for seventh-order equation when µ=0.1
 Table 2. Numerical results for example 2 when µ=0.1
 variational iteration method Xi t=0 t=1 t=2 0.1 0.02666266698 0.02666266333 0.02666263966 0.2 0.02665067091 0.02665064361 0.02665061629 0.3 0.02663068824 0.02663064733 0.02663060640 0.4 0.02660273485 0.02660268034 0.02660262583 0.5 0.02656683313 0.02656676512 0.02656669706 0.6 0.02652301157 0.02652293003 0.02652284849 0.7 0.02647130514 0.02647121017 0.02647111520 0.8 0.02641175499 0.02641164666 0.02641153834 0.9 0.02634440830 0.02634428675 0.02634416516 1 0.02626931831 0.02626918357 0.02626904883

4. Conclusions

In the present work, illustrative examples have showed that the method provides a sequence of functions which converge to the exact solution of the aforementioned systems. The results variational iteration method (VIM) are of high concentration and the method is very effective and succinct.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Authors would like to express their thanks to Dr. M. Saravi for his useful comments and suggestions for improvement of this paper

References

 [1] S.J. Liao, An approximate solution technique not depending on small parameters: a special; example, International. J. Nonlinear Mech. 303 (1995) 371–380 [2] M.A. Abdou, A.A. Soliman, Variational iteration method for solving Burger’s and coupled Burger’s equations, J. Comput. Appl. Math. 181 (2)(2005) 245–251 [3] J.H. He, Approximate analytical solution for seepage flow with fractional derivatives in porous media, Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng. 167(1998) 57–68 [4] J.H. He, Approximate solution for nonlinear differential equations with convolution product nonlinearities, Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng.167 (1998) 69–73 [5] J.H. He, X.H. Wu, Construction of solitary solution and compacton-like solution by variational iteration method, Chaos, Solitons Fractals 29(1) (2006) 108–113 [6] A. Nikkar, S. Esmaeilzade Toloui, K. Rashedi and H. R. Khalaj Hedayati, Application of energy balance method for a conservative X1/3 force nonlinear oscillator and the Doffing equations. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2011, 57-66 [7] [G. Adomian, Solving Frontier Problems of Physics: The Decomposition Method, Kluwer Academic, Boston, 1994 [8] A.M. Wazwaz, Partial Differential Equations: Methods and Applications, Balkema, Rottesdam, 2002 [9] D.D. Ganji, A. Rajabi, Assessment of homotopy-perturbation and perturbation methods in heat radiation equations, International. Commun. Heat Mass Transfer 33 (3) (2006) 391–400 [10] J.H. He, Homotopy perturbation technique, Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng. 178 (1999) 257–262 [11] J.H. He, A coupling method of a homotopy technique and a perturbation technique for non-linear problems, International. J. Nonlinear Mech. 35(2000) 37–43 [12] J.H. He, Homotopy perturbation method for bifurcation of nonlinear problems, Int. J. Nonlinear Sci. Numer. Simul. 6 (2) (2005) 207–208 [13] He JH. Variational iteration method for autonomous ordinary differential systems. Applied Mathematics and Computation, 2000; 114: 115-123 [14] He JH. Approximate analytical solution for seepage flow with fractional derivatives in porous media. Comput Meth Appl Mech Eng 1998; 167: 57–68 [15] He JH. Approximate solution of nonlinear differential equations with convolution product nonlinearities. Comput Meth Appl Mech Eng 1998; 167: 69–73 [16] B. Batiha, M.S.M. Noorani, I. Hashim, Application of variational iteration method to heat and wave-like equations. Phys. Lett. A, doi:10.1016/j.physleta.2007.04.069 [17] B. Batiha, M.S.M. Noorani, I. Hashim, E.S. Ismail, The multistage variational iteration method for class of nonlinear system of ODEs, Phys. Scr. 76 (2007) 388–392 [18] A.M. Wazwaz, A study on linear and nonlinear Schrodinger equations by the variational iteration method, Chaos, Solitons and Fractals doi:10.1016/j.chaos.2006.10.009 [19] D.H. Shou, J.H. He, Beyond Adomian methods: The variational iteration method for solving heat-like and wave-like equations with variable coefficients, Phys. Lett. A 73 (1) (2007) 1–5 [20] N.H. Sweilam, et al. Numerical studies for a multi-order fractional differential equation, Phys. Lett. A., doi: 10. 1016/j.physleta.2007.06.016 [21] He, J. H. (1999). Variational iteration method- a kind of non-linear analytical technique: some examples, Int. J. Nonlin. Mech., 34, pp. 699-708 [22] He, J. H. (2000). Variational iteration method for autonomous ordinary differential systems, Appl. Math. Comput. 114, pp. 115-123 [23] He, J. H. (2006). Some asymptotic methods for strongly nonlinear equation, Int. J. Nod. Phy. 20(20)10, pp. 1144-1199 [24] He, J. H. and X. H. Wu (2006). Construction of solitary solutions and compacton-like solution by variational iteration method, Chos. Soltn. Frcts. 29(1), pp. 108-113 [25] Inokuti, M., H. Sekine and T. Mura (1978). General use of the Lagrange multiplier in nonlinear mathematical physics, in: S. Nemat-Nasser (Ed.), Variational Method in the Mechanics of Solids. Oxford: Pergamon Press, pp. 156-162